Parts of speech, now known as word classes


Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns and tell which, whose, what kind and how many, i.e. they’re describing words, such as beautiful, several, tall.


Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs, and tell how, when, where and how much. For example, quickly, slowly, later.


Conjunctions join words, phrases and clauses. For example, and, however,but.


Determiners are little words that tell us which ones, whose and how many (the, a, three, that, my).


Nouns are the names of persons, places or things, such as cat, book, report.


Prepositions are used before a noun or pronoun to relate them to other words. Common prepositions are by, for, in, of, to.


Pronouns take the place of nouns. Personal pronouns are I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they. Possessive pronouns are his, hers, mine, ours, its, theirs, your, yours.


Verbs show action or state of being, i.e. doing or being words, such as play, write, sit.


online grammar
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